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APA Citation Style & Formatting: Citing Database & Web Articles

A guide to citing sources and to creating a list of references.

What is a DOI?

DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier.  APA style includes the DOI when one is available. It can often be found in the .pdf of an article or in the electronic record.

The DOI is used to help identify and access academic articles online. It works the way an ISBN number works for a book.

If you have a DOI number, you can visit DOI.org and find out how to access the article by entering the number.

Citing Articles in APA Style

These examples show how to create citations for articles from different article sources. These citations go on the reference page at the end of a paper or presentation. To see how to cite a source in the body of the paper or presentation, visit In-Text Citations tab in this guide.

Article Citation Examples

Journal Article: From a database or journal's website

General Format
Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Year of Publication). Title of the article. Title of the Journal or Magazine, Volume Number, Page Number-Page Number.DOI:xxxxxxxx or URL of publication home page

Example - No DOI

Waring, G. & Levy, D. (2009). Challenging adverse reactions in children with food allergies. Paediatric Nursing, 22, 16-22.Retrieved from http://paediatricnursing.rcnpublishing.co.uk/
Example - With DOI
Dorea, J.G. & da Costa, T.H.M. (2005). Is coffee a functional food?British Journal of Nutrition, 93, 773-782.doi:10.1079/BJN20051370

 

Magazine Article: From a database or magazine's website

General Format
Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial.  (Year of Article, Month).  Title of Article.  Title of Magazine.  Retrieved from http://www.magazinewebaddress.com
Example
Berggoetz, B. (2010, September-October).  Decoding your medical bills: Take control of your health care costs. Saturday Evening Post.  Retrieved from http://www.saturdayeveningpost.com/

 

News Article: From a database or news website

General Format
Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial.  (Year of Article, Month Day).  Title of Article.  Title of News Source.  Retrieved from http://www.newswebaddress.com
Example
Sterngold, J. (2007, May 21).  Prisons' Budget to Trump Colleges'.San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved from http://www.sfgate.com/

 

Section (web page or article) from other types of websites

Section of a website - Organization as author
Organization Name. (Year of Web page).  Title of document or web page. Retrieved from http://www.webaddressofdocument.xxx
Example
Oxfam International. (2009).  Asia-Pacific Disasters. Retrieved from http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/asia-pacific-disasters
Web page - Named author, no date of publication
Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial.  (Year of Web page's last update or n. d. for "no date"). Title of section or web page.  Retrieved from Organization Name website http://www.webaddress.xxx
Example
Momand, M. (n.d.) Improving women's lives in rural Afghanistan.  Retrieved from Oxfam International website http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/afghanistan/improving-womens-lives-rural-afghanistan

 

Citation Maker Tools

NoodleTools helps you create citations and reference lists in most major styles step-by-step.