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APA Citation Style & Formatting: Citing Database & Web Articles

A guide to citing sources and to creating a list of references.

What is a DOI?


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier.  APA style includes the DOI when one is available. It can often be found in the .pdf of an article or in the electronic record.

The DOI is used to help identify and access academic articles online. It works the way an ISBN number works for a book.

If you have a DOI number, you can visit and find out how to access the article by entering the number.

Citing Articles in APA Style

These examples show how to create citations for articles from different sources. These types of citations would go on References page at the end of a paper or presentation. To see how to cite a source in the body of the paper or presentation, click on the In-Text Citations tab above.


Journal article from a database or journal's website

General format:
Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Year of Publication). Title of the article. Title of the Journal or Magazine, Volume Number, Page Number-Page Number. DOI:xxxxxxxx or URL of publication home page


Example, no DOI:




Example, with DOI:



Waring, G. & Levy, D. (2009). Challenging adverse reactions in children with food allergies. Paediatric Nursing, 22, 16-22. Retrieved from


Dorea, J.G. & da Costa, T.H.M. (2005). Is coffee a functional food? British Journal of Nutrition, 93, 773-782. doi:10.1079/BJN20051370

Magazine article from a database or magazine's website

General format:

Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial.  (Year of Article, Month).  Title of Article.  Title of Magazine.  Retrieved from


Berggoetz, B. (2010, September-October).  Decoding your medical bills: Take control of your health care costs. Saturday Evening Post.  Retrieved from



News article from a database or newspaper's website


General format:
Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial.  (Year of Article, Month Day).  Title of Article.  Title of Newspaper.  Retrieved from

Example, no DOI:

Sterngold, J. (2007, May 21).  Prisons' Budget to Trump Colleges'. San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved from


Section or article from other types of websites

Section of a website, organization as author:

Organization Name. (Year of Web page).  Title of document or web page. Retrieved from

Example, organization as author:

Oxfam International. (2009).  Asia-Pacific Disasters. Retrieved from

Page from website, with author but no date:     

Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial.  (Year of Web page's last update or n. d. for "no date"). Title of section or web page.  Retrieved from Organization Name website





Momand, M. (n.d.) Improving women's lives in rural Afghanistan.  Retrieved from Oxfam International website


Citation Maker Tools

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NoodleTools helps you create citations and reference lists in most major styles step-by-step.