Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

How Statistics and Data Can Misinform

About This Guide

This is not a guide to statistics as taught in an "Introductory statistics" course; rather, it refers to biases in perceiving, interpreting and presenting information.



Use the TABS  to find different resources:


  • has links to CSM Library databases of books in print and online 

Basic Concepts Explained: 

  • links to sites and videos explaining concepts like average and mean, sample size, standard deviation...
  • examples of common biases in interpreting data

Sources of Statistical Information:  

  • links to CSM Library databases with statistical information
  • links to selected external sources with data and statistics

Evaluating Resources: 

  • great (and short!) tutorials on evaluating resources - including statistics and data

Citation Resources: 

  • visual guide to deciding on when to cite,
  • a short answer to "Why cite?"