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English as a Second language (ESL)

Print and Web resources for ESL students, teachers, and librarians.

Citing Sources

The two most common guides for citing sources are MLA (Modern Language Association, commonly used in the humanities) and APA (American Psychological Association, commonly used in the social sciences and sciences). Ask your professor which style he or she prefers.

Note that most articles in CSM library database have the citations included - in the text of the article, or in one of the features available, e.g. "cite" or "email". This is very convenient but it is important to check whether these available citations are correct.

Should I Cite?

flowchart available at

Citing Well

A citation generator is a tool to help you create citations (also called references) for papers or projects.

Typically, you enter the information you have about the information source (author; title; publication information; page numbers; journal name, etc.) into the software or online website. That service uses the rules of the citation style to create a citation that adheres to those rules.

College of San Mateo Library subscribes to NoodleTools. You can follow the link below or use the drop-down menu above - Research Help → Citation Resources.


Plagiarism, according to Encyclopedia Britannica, is " the act of taking the writings of another person and passing them off as one’s own". College of San Mateo has an explicit policy about plagiarism (see link below). Citing and plagiarism are linked. Follow the links below to learn what do you know about plagiarism so far.

All the exercises above were created by Cardiff University Library Service